Ac

acetyl

acac

acetylacetonate

AIBN

2,2-azobisisobutyronitrile

Ar

aryl

BBN

borabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane

BCME

bis(chloromethyl) ether

BHT

butylated hydroxytoluene (2,6-di-t-butyl-p-cresol)

BINAL-H

2,2-dihydroxy-1,1-binaphthyllithium aluminum hydride

BINAP

2,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)-1,1-binaphthyl

BINOL

1,1-bi-2,2-naphthol

bipy

2,2-bipyridyl

BMS

boranedimethyl sulfide

Bn

benzyl

Boc

t-butoxycarbonyl

BOM

benzyloxymethyl

bp

boiling point

Bs

brosyl (4-bromobenzenesulfonyl)

BSA

N,O-bis(trimethylsilyl)acetamide

Bu

n-butyl

Bz

benzoyl

CAN

cerium(IV) ammonium nitrate

Cbz

benzyloxycarbonyl

CDI

N,N-carbonyldiimidazole

CHIRAPHOS

2,3-bis(diphenylphosphino)butane

Chx

=Cy

cod

cyclooctadiene

cot

cyclooctatetraene

Cp

cyclopentadienyl

CRA

complex reducing agent

CSA

10-camphorsulfonic acid

CSI

chlorosulfonyl isocyanate

Cy

cyclohexyl

d

density

DABCO

1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane

DAST

N.N-diethylaminosulfur trifluoride

dba

dibenzylideneacetone

DBAD

di-t-butyl azodicarboxylate

DBN

1,5-diazabicyclo[4.3.0]non-5-ene

DBU

1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene

DCC

N,N-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide

DCME

dichloromethyl methyl ether

DDO

dimethyldioxirane

DDQ

2,3-dichloro-5,6-dicyano-1,4-benzoquinone

de

diastereomeric excess

DEAD

diethyl azodicarboxylate

DET

diethyl tartrate

DIBAL

diisobutylaluminum hydride

DIEA

=DIPEA

DIOP

2,3-O-isopropylidene-2,3-dihydroxy-1,4-bis(diphenylphosphino)butane

DIPEA

diisopropylethylamine

diphos

=dppe

DIPT

diisopropyl tartrate

DMA

dimethylacetamide

DMAD

dimethyl acetylenedicarboxylate

DMAP

4-(dimethylamino)pyridine

DME

1,2-dimethoxyethane

DMF

dimethylformamide

dmg

dimethylglyoximato

DMPU

N,N-dimethylpropyleneurea

DMS

dimethyl sulfide

DMSO

dimethyl sulfoxide

DMTSF

dimethyl(methylthio)sulfonium tetrafluoroborate

dppd

1,4-bis(diphenylphosphino)butane

dppe

1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane

dppf

1,1-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene

dppp

1,3-bis(diphenylphosphino)propane

DTBP

Di-t-butyl peroxide

EDA

ethyl diazoacetate

EDC

1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodimide

EDCI

=EDC

ee

enantiomeric excess

EE

1-ethoxyethyl

Et

ethyl

ETSA

ethyl trimethylsilylacetate

EWG

electron withdrawing group

Fc

ferrocenyl

Fmoc

9-fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl

fp

flash point

Hex

n-hexyl

HMDS

hexamethyldisilazane

HMPA

hexamethylphosphoric triamide

HOBt

1-hydroxybenzotriazole

HOBT

=HOBt

HOSu

N-hydroxysuccinimide

Im

imidazole (imidazolyl)

Ipc

isopinocampheyl

IR

infrared

KHDMS

potassium hexamethyldisilazide

LAH

lithium aluminum hydride

LD50

dose that is lethal to 50% of test subjects

LDA

lithium diisopropylamide

LDMAN

lithium 1-(dimethylamino)naphthalenide

LHMDS

=LiHMDS

LICA

lithium isopropylcyclohexylamide

LiHMDS

lithium hexamethyldisilazide

LiTMP

lithium 2,2,6,6-tretramethylpiperidide

LTMP

=LiTMP

LTA

lead tetraacetate

lut

lutidine

m-CPBA

m-chloroperbenzoic acid

MA

maleic anhydride

MAD

methylaluminum bis(2,6-di-t-butyl-4-methylphenoxide)

MAT

methylaluminum bis(2,4,6-tri-t-butylphenoxide)

Me

methyl

MEK

methyl ethyl ketone

MEM

(2-methoxyethoxy)methyl

MIC

methyl isocyanate

MMPP

magnesium monoperoxyphthalate

MOM

methoxymethyl

MoOPH

oxodiperoxomolybdenum(pyridine)(hexamethylphosphoric triamide)

mp

melting point

MPM

=PMB

Ms

mesyl (methanesulfonyl)

MS

mass spectrometry; molecular sieves

MTBE

methyl t-butyl ether

MTM

methylthiomethyl

MVK

methyl vinyl ketone

n

refractive index

NaHDMS

sodium hexamethyldisilazide

Naph

naphthyl

NBA

N-bromoacetamide

nbd

norbornadiene (bicyclo[2.2.1]hepta-2,5-diene)

NBS

N-bromosuccinimide

NCS

N-chlorosuccinimide

NIS

N-iodosuccinimide

NMO

N-methylmorpholine N-oxide

NMP

N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone

NMR

nuclear magnetic resonance

NORPHOS

bis(diphenylphosphino)bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-5-ene

Np

=Naph

PCC

pyridinium chlorochromate

PDC

pyridinium dichromate

Pent

n-pentyl

Ph

phenyl

phen

1,10-phenanthroline

Phth

phthaloyl

Piv

pivaloyl

PMB

p-methoxybenzyl

PMDTA

N,N,N,N,N-pentamethyldiethylenetriamine

PPA

polyphosphoric acid

PPE

polyphosphate ester

PPTS

pyridinium p-toluenesulfonate

Pr

n-propyl

PTC

phase transfer catalyst/catalysis

PTSA

p-toluenesulfonic acid

py

pyridine

RAMP

(R)-1-amino-2-(methoxymethyl)pyrrolidine

rt

room temperature

salen

bis(salicylidene)ethylenediamine

SAMP

(S)-amino-2-(methoxymethyl)pyrrolidine

SET

single electron transfer

Sia

siamyl (3-methyl-2-butyl)

TASF

tris(diethylamino)sulfonium difluorotrimethylsilicate

TBAB

tetrabutylammonium bromide

TBAF

tetrabutylammonium fluoride

TBAD

=DBAD

TBAI

tetrabutylammonium iodide

TBAP

tetrabutylammonium perruthenate

TBDMS

t-butyldimethylsilyl

TBDPS

t-butyldiphenylsilyl

TBHP

t-butyl hydroperoxide

TBS

=TBDMS

TCNE

tetracyanoethylene

TCNQ

7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane

TEA

triethylamine

TEBA

triethylbenzylammonium chloride

TEBAC

=TEBA

TEMPO

2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinoxyl

TES

triethylsilyl

Tf

triflyl (trifluoromethanesulfonyl)

TFA

trifluoroacetic acid

TFAA

trifluoroacetic anhydride

THF

tetrahydrofuran

THP

tetrahydropyran; tetrahydropyranyl

Thx

thexyl (2,3-dimethyl-2-butyl)

TIPS

triisopropylsilyl

TMANO

trimethylamine N-oxide

TMEDA

N,N,N,N-tetramethylethylenediamine

TMG

1,1,3,3-tetramethylguanidine

TMS

trimethylsilyl

Tol

p-tolyl

TPAP

tetrapropylammonium perruthenate

TBHP

t-butyl hydroperoxide

TPP

tetraphenylporphyrin

Tr

trityl (triphenylmethyl)

Ts

tosyl (p-toluenesulfonyl)

TTN

thallium(III) nitrate

UHP

ureahydrogen peroxide complex

Z

=Cbz